The most common cause of blue baby syndrome is water contaminated with nitrates. After a baby drinks formula made with nitrate-rich water, the body converts the nitrates into nitrites. These nitrites bind to the hemoglobin in the body, forming methemoglobin, which is unable to carry oxygen.
What is the most common cause of a blue baby?
Causes of Blue Baby Syndrome. Blue baby syndrome is most commonly caused by an underlying heart condition, such as the following: Truncus arteriosus . In this type of heart defect, only one artery, instead of two, carries blood from the heart.
What happens if a baby is born blue?
A baby born blue in appearance, not crying or moving, is considered to be in respiratory or cardiac distress. The heart is not pumping blood efficiently and there is not enough available oxygen. The blue colour is due to the de-oxygenated blood, which appears much darker in colour than oxygenated blood.
Do blue babies survive?
Studies show that the long-term survival of “blue babies” and other patients with congenital heart defects is reasonably good. Over 90 percent of the patients are alive 20 years after the first conduit operation, while the mortality rate within 30 days after the operation is less than 1 percent, reoperations included.
How does blue baby syndrome affect the body?
Blue Baby Syndrome 101
Symptoms can include bluish skin (cyanosis), rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, nausea, diarrhea, lethargy, loss of consciousness, and seizures. A high percentage of methemoglobin in the blood can lead to death.
Which pollutant can cause blue baby syndrome?
Infants who drink water with high levels of nitrate (or eat foods made with nitrate-contaminated water) may develop a serious health condition due to the lack of oxygen. This condition is called methemoglobinemia or “blue baby syndrome.” Some scientists think diarrhea makes this problem worse.
What blood type causes blue babies?
Rh disease occurs during pregnancy. It happens when the Rh factors in the mom’s and baby’s blood don’t match. If the Rh negative mother has been sensitized to Rh positive blood, her immune system will make antibodies to attack her baby.
Do blue babies have brain damage?
The lasting effects of insufficient oxygen (“born blue”) depend on how long the baby was without oxygen and how quickly treatment was started. Babies can suffer cell damage right away. Additional damage can occur because of toxins released from damaged cells after the flow of oxygen and blood to the brain is restored.
What can lack of oxygen at birth cause?
Oxygen deprivation at birth is linked to a number of conditions that include cerebral palsy, and epilepsy. These babies can suffer from cognitive problems, intellectual deficiencies and developmental delays as they grow older, compared to babies who do not suffer from such oxygen deprivation.
Can adults have blue baby?
Infants younger than 3 months are at highest risk for blue baby syndrome, but it can also occur in other populations. People at risk for methemoglobinemia include adults with: a genetic predisposition. ulcers or gastritis.
When nitrate gets into the blood of an infant it causes?
Methemoglobinemia – Happens most commonly due to nitrate poisoning. In infants smaller than 6 months the nitrate may get converted to nitrite which when mixed with blood form methemoglobin. This compound traps oxygen and doesn’t release it giving babies a bluish color. Infants with Down syndrome may have heart defects.
How long do people with congenital heart defects live?
Survival. About 97% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age. About 95% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to 18 years of age.
What is methemoglobinemia and how is it treated?
Methylene blue is used to treat severe cases of MetHb, and doctors may prescribe ascorbic acid to reduce the level of methemoglobin in the blood. In severe cases, a person may require a blood transfusion or exchange transfusion. Oxygen therapy will also be provided, if required.
Why do babies turn blue when crying?
There are two types of breath-holding spells: If the child’s face turns blue, it’s called a cyanotic breath-holding spell. Usually the child cries very hard and then has the spell. Cyanotic breath-holding spells are usually caused by anger or frustration.
Is it normal for newborns legs to turn purple?
Parents should investigate any bluish color they spot on their baby’s skin. Blue skin means the underlying blood has a blue cast rather than the nice pink color of blood with lots of oxygen in it. Fortunately, in most cases it’s quite normal and harmless as long as it’s temporary.