A molar pregnancy occurs when the fertilisation of the egg by the sperm goes wrong and leads to the growth of abnormal cells or clusters of water filled sacs inside the womb. These tumours are rare.
What increases your risk of molar pregnancy?
Various factors are associated with molar pregnancy, including: Maternal age. A molar pregnancy is more likely in women older than age 35 or younger than age 20. Previous molar pregnancy.
When do molar pregnancy symptoms start?
Some women pass pieces of the molar tissue, which can look a bit like small bunches of grapes. Bleeding caused by a molar pregnancy usually begins between weeks 6 and 12 of pregnancy.
Is molar pregnancy hereditary?
A molar pregnancy results from genetic problems when sperm fertilizes an egg. Most women receive treatment and go on to have healthy pregnancies later.
What is the main cause of molar pregnancy?
Molar pregnancies are caused by an imbalance in genetic material (chromosomes) in the pregnancy. This usually occurs when an egg that contains no genetic information is fertilised by a sperm (a complete molar pregnancy), or when a normal egg is fertilised by two sperm (a partial molar pregnancy).
Can a molar pregnancy be misdiagnosed?
Conclusion: Clinical and histopathologic diagnosis of twin molar pregnancies is inaccurate in many suspected cases; therefore, a second (expert) opinion should be sought. When the diagnosis is accurate, maternal and fetal complications are common.
Has anyone had a molar pregnancy?
The answer was yes, it was a pregnancy – but there was no baby, just a mass of ugly cells. Molar pregnancies, as they are called, are rare, affecting around 1,500 women in the UK each year.
Can you detect a molar pregnancy at 5 weeks?
An ultrasound can detect a complete molar pregnancy as early as eight or nine weeks of pregnancy.
What is the hCG level in molar pregnancy?
The measurement of high hCG levels in excess of 100,000 mIU/mL suggests the diagnosis of a complete molar pregnancy, particularly when associated with vaginal bleeding, uterine enlargement and abnormal ultrasound findings.
How long does it take for hCG levels to go down after molar pregnancy?
If the levels of a hormone called hCG go back to normal soon after removal of the molar pregnancy then your doctor won’t need to give it a stage. In most women, the hCG level virtually disappears within 4 to 6 weeks of removing the molar pregnancy.
What happens if a molar pregnancy is not treated?
If a molar pregnancy is not treated or does not miscarry completely it can progress and cause a range of serious conditions (known as gestational trophoblastic neoplasia), including: persistent GTD – persistent growth of the abnormal placental tissue. invasive mole – the tumour spreads into the wall of the uterus.
Is there a heartbeat in a molar pregnancy?
These include feeling nervous or tired, having a fast or irregular heartbeat, and sweating a lot. An uncomfortable feeling in the pelvis. Vaginal discharge of tissue that is shaped like grapes. This is usually a sign of molar pregnancy.
How is a partial molar pregnancy detected?
How is a partial molar pregnancy diagnosed? The doctor diagnoses a molar pregnancy by performing an ultrasound, which will reveal the presence of cysts in the uterus. The doctor will also perform another test that measures the levels of beta human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).
How common is partial molar pregnancy?
Partial molar pregnancy with a live fetus is a very rare condition, occurring in 0.005 to 0.01% of all pregnancies; it presents a challenging diagnosis, especially when clinical signs are almost completely absent.