They’re quite common, especially in infants and young children, and they have a wide range of causes. Sometimes, seizures are triggered by a disease or injury, but for most children, there is no detectable cause. Sometimes other conditions, such as fainting or stroke, can look like seizures.
What is the most common cause of seizures in toddlers?
The most common type of seizure in children is from a fever (called a febrile seizure). Other causes include infections, low blood sodium, medicines, drug use (amphetamines or cocaine), brain injury or a tumor, and genetic changes. Sometimes, a seizure’s cause is never found.
How serious are seizures in toddlers?
Dangerous Seizures in Kids. Although the majority of seizures aren’t dangerous and don’t require immediate medical attention, one kind does. Status epilepticus is a life-threatening condition in which a person has a prolonged seizure or one seizure after another without regaining consciousness in between them.
What happens when a toddler has a seizure?
Signs and Symptoms
Seizures can take many forms, from staring spells to involuntary movements of the arms and legs. Some signs a child might be having a seizure are: unusual sensations or twitching before the seizure. staring, not responding to anyone.
What are symptoms of epilepsy in toddlers?
Living with Epilepsy
- Short attention blackouts, dazed behavior, memory gaps, mumbling or no response.
- Sudden falls, frequent stumbling or unusual clumsiness.
- Repeated, unusual movements such as head nodding or rapid blinking.
- Sudden stomach pain followed by confusion and sleepiness.
Can a child outgrow seizures?
Will my child outgrow seizures? Many children outgrow their seizures. A child is more likely to outgrow his seizures if he has a normal EEG, normal MRI, normal development, no other neurological problems, and the seizures are controlled easily with medication.
Can a 2 year old have absence seizures?
Absence seizures are seizures that generally last just a few seconds, and are characterized by a blank or “absent” stare. Absence seizures usually occur in children between ages 4 to 14, but it’s possible to have an absence seizure at any age.
What are warning signs of a seizure?
General symptoms or warning signs of a seizure can include:
- Jerking movements of the arms and legs.
- Stiffening of the body.
- Loss of consciousness.
- Breathing problems or stopping breathing.
- Loss of bowel or bladder control.
- Falling suddenly for no apparent reason, especially when associated with loss of consciousness.
Can a child have a seizure while sleeping?
Children may also have convulsions during a nocturnal seizure. Most nocturnal seizures are brief and mainly occur at the beginning of the night or just before waking. Lack of sleep, stress, and certain sounds can trigger nocturnal seizures in some children.
At what age does epilepsy appear?
Epilepsy can start at any age, but usually starts either in childhood or in people over 60. It’s often lifelong, but can sometimes get slowly better over time.
Are seizures curable?
Is there a cure for epilepsy? There’s no cure for epilepsy, but early treatment can make a big difference. Uncontrolled or prolonged seizures can lead to brain damage.
Is it OK to let someone sleep after a seizure?
After the seizure: they may feel tired and want to sleep. It might be helpful to remind them where they are. stay with them until they recover and can safely return to what they had been doing before.
Why do babies get seizures?
Baby seizures happen when an abnormal extra burst of electrical activity occurs between neurons, or brain cells, in a baby’s brain. These can happen for many reasons. Causes may include brain injury, infection, and underlying health conditions, such as cerebral palsy.
How do I know if my two year old is having a seizure?
Some signs that your child may be experiencing seizures include:
- tremors, convulsions, or jerking movements in the arms and legs.
- stiffening of the body.
- loss of consciousness.
- breathing problems.
- loss of bowel or bladder control.
- falling suddenly for no apparent reason.
How do you test a child for epilepsy?
Electroencephalography. If a doctor suspects epilepsy is causing your child’s symptoms, an electroencephalography, or EEG, may be performed. This is the most specific test for diagnosing epilepsy, because it records the electrical activity of the brain.
Can growth spurts cause seizures?
For the patients with GTCS there was a significant increase in seizure frequency during the pubertal growth-spurt, with a subsequent decrease after growth ceased.